There are several different types of compost bins that you can utilize based on your needs. I’ll give a basic run-down on each type here and then a detailed description on how to construct each one. Keep in mind that there are many ways to build a working compost bin, and what I’m describing here is what has worked for me. If you’re handy feel free to take any of these designs and run with them. As long as you get the basics down there is no wrong way to build your compost bin.
Stationary Bins – These are built for continuous composting, as opposed to batch composting. They are good for people with limited space.
Rotating Bins – Usually a tub or barrel that can be easily turned to help the matter inside compost quickly. They are best used for batch composting, where all the material is added at once and then turned every 2-3 days. Depending on the size and type of material added the entire compost cycle can take as little as 5 weeks.
Wire Bins – One of the easiest types of compost bins to construct. They can be made by simply making a circle out of a section of medium-gauge wire fence. This type of bin is effective for yard waste.
Plastic Trash Can Bin – Another easy do-it-yourself bin to construct. It consists of a plastic trashcan with the bottom cut off and holes drilled in the lower portion, which is then buried about a foot deep.
Wood Pallet Bin – Simply build walls and a floor out of five discarded wooden pallets. Its best to allow one of the walls to be removed for easy compost collection. A tarp or canvas can be used as a cover to prevent evaporation.
Three Bay Wooden Bin – Having three different areas allows you to keep finished compost separate from the active compost and materials you are storing to compost in the future.